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Each group must include a participating adult 18 years or older. Individuals under the age of 18 may participate under the supervision of an adult.
The work will be performed under and in accordance with the York County Environmental Compliance Division's Adopt-A-Stream General Program Conditions and Safety Guidelines found here and incorporated herein by reference. Applicants to whom Adopt-A-Stream Program Designation and Agreement are issued shall at all times indemnify and save harmless York County Government and all of its employees, agents and officers, from responsibility, damage or liability arising from the exercise of the privileges granted under designated programs. The program Designation and Agreement may be terminated by York County Government at any time. York County reserves the right to deny an adoption request or to cancel the Local Program Designation Agreement of any group. To sign up complete the Adopt-A-Stream Application.
Animal Control will not remove wildlife. In South Carolina, control of wildlife is the responsibility of the individual property owner. Please reference South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Control with a list of licensed Wildlife Removal Services.
The 4% Special Assessment ratio will be removed from properties transferred into a trust. However,state law provides that if residential real property is held in a trust and theincome beneficiary of the trust occupies the property as their primaryresidence, the property may qualify for the 4% special assessment ratio. A newapplication is required in order to be reconsidered for the 4% SpecialAssessment ratio. ADDITIONALLY, allapplicant(s) must show proof they are the income beneficiaries to the trust bysubmitting the trust for review.
The mortgage company also receives the tax information upon there request. Most mortgage company's receive a copy of the tax records electronically and pay taxes based on this file. You can contact the mortgage company to confirm if a notice was received or if a payment will be made.
For real property: Get an attorney to prepare a new deed and have it recorded at the York County Register of Deeds Office.
For mobile home: Contact the York County Building and Codes Department to find out what is needed to purchase a change of ownership permit.
If the mobile home was repossessed please contact the Assessor Office
If the mobile home was sold, the new owner needs to purchase a change of ownership permit through the York County Building & Codes
After you have done that, you will multiply your answer by the tax rate of the district you live in. We can give you the tax rate if you tell us what your address is or you can find it on any of your tax bills for the current year. If you need an exact amount, you will need to fax, email, or come in and bring a title or bill of sale. For more information contact the Auditor's Office.
If these statements are true, you are qualified to receive the Homestead Exemption. If you are the surviving spouse of a person who was qualified, you may also be qualified to receive the benefit. For further information please contact the Auditor's Office.
You will report to Moss Justice Center for General Sessions jury service. Please arrive prior to the time to report on your summons. We like to start our instructions as close to the report time as possible.
NO! Please leave any communication devices at home, work or in your vehicle. A South Carolina Supreme Court order prohibits communication devices in the courtroom.
You are summonsed for one week of jury service unless otherwise indicated on your summons. Please make plans to be away from home, work and other activities for the entire week. The normal court hours are 9am - 5pm, but may start earlier or run later.
Each year we receive an electronic list from Court Administration that includes all York County registered voters, licensed drivers and pictured ID holders issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles. These names are cross-referenced and loaded into our system enabling us to randomly select a pool of potential jurors for predetermined court terms.
Please contact our General Sessions Juror Coordinator, Melissa, at 803-628-3041. She will be glad to assist you and provide you with additional information.
Yes, the park store is located at the Ranger Station. Our Inventory consists of ice, firewood, apparel, sweet treats, fishing and camping supplies.
Reservations are accepted up to 13 months in advance of the current date. The check-in date determines the earliest point at which a reservation can be made, even if the reservation extends into the subsequent period for which the reservations are not yet being accepted. For example: If you would like to check in on July 4, of the following year the reservation can be made on June 4, of the current year.
An individual, 18 years of age or older, can make up to 5 reservations per contact session provided the required fees are paid accordingly and such reservations do not violate length of stay guidelines. Reservations made on behalf of another party must also reflect the name of that individual. All Reservations must be paid in full at time of booking.
Cancellations will incur fees and penalties according to the following schedule: Camping Cancellations: With 15 plus days’ notice, $10 handling fee charged. Within 0 to 14 days, a one nights charge applied. Camping Reservations can be changed or transferred to a different date to avoid any cancellation fee provided all camping rules and regulations are followed. Shelter Cancellations, with 30 plus days’ notice, no penalty charged within 4 to 29 days, a $10 handling fee will be applied. Within 0 to 3 days, No Refund Shelter Reservations can be changed/transferred to a different date to avoid any cancellation fee provided all rules and regulations are followed. Early Departure Policy: No Refunds will be issued for early departures. All reservation fees are non refundable.
Shelters can be reserved 13 months in advance online, by phone or the Ranger Station.
All shelter rentals are by the day and can be occupied 10am-8pm from April- October. Shelter rentals November - March must vacate the park at dark.
Shelter Rentals are subject to Parking Fees beginning Memorial Day Weekend and concluding on Labor Day. - No alcoholic beverages are allowed in the Park. - Pets must be kept on a leash at all times. Please pick up refuse left by pets and dispose of in pet stations. - Swimming area open daily from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day (swimming is subject to lifeguard availability while school is in session) - Please do not dispose of used cooking oil/grease or ice cream churn salt water on park grounds, see park staff to dispose of properly. -Shelter must be vacated 1 hour prior to park closing
Camping is limited to 14 consecutive nights and then guest can change site and section visiting all 4 sections between the months September - April. Beginning May 1st - Labor Day campers must leave the park for 24 hours after 14 consecutive days.
After Hurricane Katrina a Federal law called The PetsEvacuation and Transportation Standards Act or PETS Act for short was enacted.This act allows local, state and federal governments as well as localnon-profit organizations to rescue and care for household and service pets duringa disaster and seek reimbursement from FEMA for expenses incurred. Locally, wehave purchased a limited amount of equipment that could be used in a localizeddisaster that may affect a portion of York County. The state has addressed thesituation on a much larger scale and FEMA on an even larger scale. The point isthere has been pre-planning completed to ensure pets can be cared for in adisaster.
Eight different utility providers serve York County's residents. Each serves a defined area of the county. If your property is located in the dark blue area of the map (click the thumbnail to view the map at full size), please click here to submit a Water/Sewer Availability Inquiry to the York County Engineering Department.
Please refer to the contact list below for the other utility providers' contact information.
Apply here: Hydrant Flow Test Application
Contact the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) Onsite Wastewater Management Section at 803-896-0640.
Please click here for the current schedule of York County's water / sewer rates.
Extensions are made through either the York County Capital Improvement Plan (CIP) or developer funded projects. For more information, contact the Engineering Department at 803-684-8571.
Please call the York County Purchasing Department at 803-684-8520, or visit the department's webpage, for more information.
Yes, as long as it is not a permanent structure (building, house, garage, etc.). Fences erected within the water or sewer easement shall have gates in order for County vehicles and equipment to access the easement. Contact the York County Planning Department at 803-909-7200 (or visit the department's webpage) prior to building within the easement.
Contact the York County Engineering Department at 803-684-8571.
Contact Palmetto Utility Protection Services (PUPS) at 811 or toll free at 888-721-7877.
If the storm drain is located on private property, you will need to speak to Environmental Compliance at 803-909-7250. If it is located on County property, please call York County Public Works Water & Sewer at 803-628-3211. If the storm drain is on a state road, please call SCDOT at 803-327-6186.
To report a pothole on a county-maintained road, please fill out the Request for Road Service form at the Public Works webpage. You can also
contact York County Public Works Road Maintenance at 803-628-3200. However, if it is on a state-maintained road, call SCDOT at 803-327-6186.
Through four separate Capital Sales and Use Tax Referenda in 1997, 2003, 2011 and 2017, York County has improved and widened a number of roadways, with more projects planned. For more information, please contact our office at 803-818-5763 or visit our program website at http://www.penniesforprogress.net .
York County requires developers to construct sidewalks in new residential and commercial developments. York County does not have a program for the installation of sidewalks along existing county maintained roadways.
York County representatives look at several criteria in setting speed limits for its roadways, including roadway alignment, sight distance, the weighted average speed, crash history, and proposed development. Speed limits must be reasonable and ultimately enforced by local law enforcement. The County has also established a speed table (bump) program.
York County receives paving and resurfacing requests, and utilizes an evaluation system which considers the condition of the road, the length of the road, the amount of traffic using the road, and the amount of maintenance required throughout the previous years, and other factors. To submit a paving or resurfacing request, please utilize our Paving Request Form.
Please contact the fire department that responded to the fire.
York County Forever invites you to help us with saving our green spaces and preserving our quality of life. Landowner Conservation Statement of Interest Form.
York County Forever welcomes citizens dedicated to conserving the County's unique resources to serve on the Commission. For those interested please read information on the specific duties and responsibilities. In order to apply to serve on the Commission, please contact the Clerk to Council at the County Manager's office at 803-628-3954.
Find out who is responsible for maintaining a certain road in York County by using this link: https://maps2.yorkcountygov.com/ez/Search_RoadName.aspx
CodeRED is an emergency notification service that allows emergency officials to notify residents and businesses by telephone, cell phone, text message, email and social media regarding time-sensitive general and emergency notifications. Only authorized officials have access to the CodeRED system. Sign-up now!
Application for marriage licenses may be made between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. The license may be used for ceremonies performed in South Carolina, and the fee is $50. To find additional information, please visit Probate Court.
The Collection and Recycling Centers do not accept yard debris for disposal.
Debris is accepted at:
York County Landfill
289 Public Works Road (Off Highway 5 near the Moss Justice Center)
York, SC 29745
The Landfill phone number is 803-628-3186, and the hours are: Monday - Friday 7 a.m. - 4 p.m. Saturday 7 a.m. - noon
To learn how to create and print your own maps, please review our document on How to Make and Print a Map.
For specific questions regarding the zoning for your property, you will need to contact the appropriate zoning department. For those living within city limits, please contact your local municipal zoning department. For those living in the county, please contact the
CAMA Data is property information such as: square footage, year built, all prior sales, heating type, etc.
The programming and layout is complete at 30% construction drawings; however, there are numerous details remaining. Updated detailed drawings will be available on the web page by mid-October. This information will be downloadable.
Tentative start of clearing operation is October 15th, 2018.
There is a 25’ undisturbed buffer between the Park and Paddlers Cove to the north, and a 50’ undisturbed buffer between the park and Tullamore to the South. The east and west park property boundaries have protected streams and sewer easements that will provide approximately 150’ west and 75’east buffers. For the fields adjacent to Paddlers Cove properties, the county is planning to erect a net to prevent errant balls from leaving the fields and entering into private properties.
Currently, the county is working with some lighting vendors for design & placement. With the design, light is provided for the activity while also minimizing the glare (measured in foot candles) on the adjoining properties.
The walking trail final path location has not been determined yet. Tentatively, it will follow the sewer easement on the east and west, and not enter the undisturbed buffers to the north and south. Once the clearing takes place, the best path location will be determined along the perimeter.
The plan is to chip the trees that are removed during the construction to provide the mulch material for the paths. The intent is not to remove trees or add fill material to create the path.
The operating hours have not been determined yet; however, they will comply with the York County lighting and noise ordinance. Noise Ordinance: http://library.amlegal.com/nxt/gateway.dll/South%20Carolina/yorkco/yorkcountysouthcarolinacodeofordinances?f=templates$fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:yorkco_sc
No, only when the park is open.
The proposed parking lot will have 406 spaces, and the park entrance road will have 59 parallel spaces. Thus, a total of 465 spaces. In most circumstances this amount of available parking will be sufficient. However, the county and parks committee are prepared (if needed) to coordinate with Crowder’s Creek Elementary School for overflow parking.
Yes, Field Day Drive is the only vehicular entrance to the park.
Crescent and Crowders Creek Elementary School are responsible for the intersection improvement and the connection to Paddlers Cove Drive. Construction will commence summer 2019.
Please continue to visit the York County Lake Wylie Recreation Park website page.
Yes, The files are available for inspection at any time by following these steps:
You can view incarcerated inmates here.
Visitation for inmates vary depending on their status. The following are our current visitation hours. You can call the Prison at 803-818-5789 to confirm which day an inmate will have visitation.
-Monday 6:15 p.m. until 8:15 p.m. (Male state inmates, male Family Court inmates, and male county inmates serving more than 90 days)
-Tuesday, 6:15 p.m. until 8:15 p.m. (Male county inmates serving less than 90 days)
-Wednesday, 6:15 p.m. until 8:15 p.m. (Male work release inmates)
-Thursday, 6:15 p.m. until 8:15 p.m. (All female inmates)
Attn: (Name of Inmate)York County Prison778 Justice BoulevardYork, South Carolina, 29745
A private drive can be named when it is used to access three or more residences. To name a private drive a majority of the property owners (adjacent to the drive to be named) have to agree on a name. There is a $150 fee to name a private drive. Please contact Tina Harmer at 803-909-7483 to start the process or for additional information. You will need the tax map reference number for the parcel in question to get owner information. This is a ten digit number.
Debris is accepted at:York County Landfill289 Public Works Road(Off Highway 5 near the Moss Justice Center)York, SC 29745
Hours:Monday - Friday 7 am - 4 pm Saturday 7 am - 12 noon
Holiday closings are posted at each center. Notifications are sent to all local media and posted on the York County Government website. Visit the Collection & Recycling Centers page.
Call the Collection & Recycling Office at 628-3181 for more details.
Hours Monday - Friday7 am - 4 pm Saturday7 am - 12 noon
Answer 1: A stormwater utility is a legal entity which can provide stormwater management activities including administrative functions, planning, engineering, regulation, permitting, maintenance operations, and capital improvements. The stormwater utility, similar to water, sewer, electric, and gas utilities, provides a method of generating revenue for these activities through user fees. Rates are most commonly based on impervious surface area measurements.
Answer 2. The primary purpose is to make sure all residents and businesses of York County have a safe and healthy environment. Our goal is to make sure the county’s rivers and streams are clean and healthy and during rain events, properties do not flood. To achieve this goal, the County has to proactively inspect, repair, and replace stormwater pipes, culverts, drainage swales, and ditches. If the County waits until something fails, the damage is much more severe and the cost to fix the failure is much higher.
A stormwater utility furthers the goal by:
Answer 3. A major storm water quality concern is "non-point source pollution." As the name implies, non-point source pollution comes from numerous locations all across the county and is carried through runoff. The types of pollutants include toxins, metals, oils, nutrients (fertilizers and pesticides), and fecal coliform bacteria from leaking sanitary sewers, farm animals and pet waste. These directly impact our water quality and now represent the #1 pollution sources to our waterways. Activities such as street sweeping, elimination of leaking sanitary sewers, increased cleaning of storm drains, and public education and outreach can help control or reduce these pollutants.
Answer 4. Impervious surfaces tend to collect a variety of pollutants including cleaning products; paint; oil, grease, and toxic chemicals from automobiles; road salts; pesticides and fertilizers from lawn maintenance, gardening, and farming; pet waste; litter; and eroded sediments. Increased amounts of pollutants can harm fish and wildlife, kill native plants, contaminate drinking water supplies, and make recreational areas unsafe.
Answer 5. Impervious surfaces are hard surfaces (such as rooftops, streets, parking lots, driveways, patios, asphalt, concrete, compacted gravel, and other paved areas). These surfaces prevent or limit the natural entry of stormwater into the ground. When stormwater hits an impervious surface, it runs off and does not soak into the ground. Runoff can generate high volumes of water and it flows more quickly than water flowing over a vegetated surface. Runoff and stormwater flowing quickly can cause flooding. It can also cause erosion in ditches and streams when the bare soil becomes exposed.
Answer 6. Drainage problems may include roadway or structural flooding, clogged or failing underground pipes and culverts, stream bank erosion and stormwater pollution affecting streams, ponds, and lakes.
Answer 7. Historically, the allocation of funds has not been sufficient to address all of York County's storm water service needs. The County is currently reactive to addressing problems. Being reactive instead of proactive results in greater environmental damage as well as being more costly to cleanup or repair. Similar to failing to properly maintain your car, if we do not properly maintain stormwater infrastructure, a failure can be catastrophic. State and federal laws also require that municipalities address the environmental impacts of stormwater pollution, but do not provide the funds to do it. Consequently, we must investigate alternative means for raising revenue.
Answer 8. With the County’s increased amounts of impervious surface, more runoff is produced and consequently travels at higher speeds through our drainage system. This runoff picks up and carries pollutants to the stormwater collection system and eventually leads to receiving waters such as lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. Large volumes of quickly flowing runoff will also erode soil, damage plants, and cause waters to become clouded and murky with sediments. This sediment from erosion can be deposited in slower moving waters. Eventually the deposited soils can fill in streams, ponds, and lake coves increasing the possibility of future flooding over time.
Answer 9. No. Only sewage is collected and transported to the County’s wastewater treatment plant by the sanitary sewer system. Stormwater flows through the storm drain system of culverts, ditches, stream channels, and flood plains. It empties unfiltered into our streams, ponds, and lakes. It would be too expensive to size the sanitary sewers to convey and treat stormwater in the same manner as sanitary sewage. The volume of sewage generated by our homes and businesses each day is insignificant compared to the fluctuating volume of stormwater runoff generated during a rainstorm. The more cost effective solution is to prevent the entry of pollutants into the stormwater system in the first place.
Answer 10. Currently any storm water expenditure is paid for through the County’s general fund property taxes. In place of this we will be implementing a user fee. This will be collected as an annual fee from all residences, businesses, and organizations in York County. These will include residential, commercial and industrial properties, non-profit organizations, federal, state and county owned properties, and schools. Since we all benefit from a storm water system and all properties create stormwater runoff, a user fee is an equitable solution for everyone. User fees are established by calculating the impervious area of each property. Impervious surface area measurements are converted to an ERU and then assessed an annual fee per ERU. For York County, one ERU equals 3,200 square feet of impervious coverage, which is what an average home (building footprint, driveway, garages, etc.) has for impervious coverage.
Below is an example of the annual revenue you could receive from your stormwater utility fees. The current goal is to charge a lower amount the 1st year so it will not impact your budget too much but still provide enough to start funding some critical initial projects. Amounts will increase over the next 3 years until the approved fee schedule is obtained.
Businesses, Organizations ERU
25% of I.S. *
50% of I.S. *
100% of the I.S. *
*I. S. equals Impervious Surface
Answer 11. An “Equivalent Residential Unit”, or ERU, is a common billing unit for stormwater utility fees. An ERU is a measure of the average amount of impervious surface area for a single-family residential property located in the county and can be used to assess stormwater user fees. Much like a “kilowatt” serves as the basis for electrical utility, the ERU is the base unit for a stormwater utility. Many communities have established stormwater utilities based on the ERU.
Answer 12. Yes, because it is a user fee, just like water and sewer fees which are based upon the cost of services provided. Property taxes are based on the assessed value of the property. The Stormwater Utility Fee is based on the amount of impervious surface area on each property that contributes to stormwater runoff. Because this is not a tax, it is collected from all customers who receive service. Tax exempt properties contribute a significant amount of runoff to the County because of their size and amount of hard surface. They will be treated like all other customers under the rate structure.
Answer 13. Yes, these include: undeveloped properties, agricultural/forestlands as identified by the County Assessor, and public roadways.
Answer 14. Your property may not be physically connected to the drainage system in the same manner as water or sewer but you are still provided service. How? Our stormwater program improves and maintains drainage facilities throughout the County. It establishes design criteria and regulates development that helps control off site stormwater problems. This program is taking steps to reduce stormwater pollutants that degrade our water quality and the environment of the County. Also, as part of the maintenance of state and county roads, the County and State ensure runoff from the roads is not causing flooding by mowing drainage ditches, repairing culverts and pipes, and cleaning out catch basins. Every property owner in the county, therefore, is served by these activities.
Answer 15. Everyone in the County benefits from the Stormwater Management Program. The fees collected through the stormwater utility are dedicated solely to managing our stormwater program. This program brings us into compliance with State and Federal regulations and safeguards our community through improved drainage and protection of our local waterways. The funds help us enforce minimum standards for stormwater and flood management so a property owner does not cause damage to another property owner from flooding by not properly designing and addressing stormwater runoff. While you may not have drainage problems on your property, people using state and county roads expect the roads will not flood and more importantly, do not cause flooding to property owners.
Answer 16. Yes, as long as that property contains impervious area.
Answer 17. Under most conditions, the bill will go to whoever pays the tax bill for the property.
Answer 18. The stormwater utility will provide the funds necessary to provide for the administration, maintenance, and improvement of the County’s stormwater systems. Some of the services tied to the stormwater program include:
Answer 19: The current amount of money taken from general fund taxes that pay for the county’s stormwater projects is minimal. As such, our existing system is aging, unable to address increasing federal mandates, and cannot keep up with increased demand as we grow as a county. The county cannot definitively state at this point what changes may occur in taxation until we can more accurately gauge current maintenance and future projects across York County.
Answer 20. “Best management practices” or BMPs is a term used to describe different ways to keep pollutants out of runoff and to slow down high volumes of runoff. Preventing pollution from entering water is much more affordable than cleaning polluted water. Educating residents about how to prevent pollution from entering waterways is one of many best management practices. Regulations that require people and businesses involved in earth disturbing activities, like construction and agriculture, to take steps to prevent erosion are another way to prevent stormwater pollution. There are also laws about litter, cleaning up after pets and dumping oil or other substances into storm drains. Education, laws, and construction codes are just a few best management practice examples.
In many instances, BMPs are physically constructed to protect specific areas. BMPS can be designed to slow down stormwater in order to reduce erosion, while others help reduce the pollutants already in it. There are also BMPs that do both. Good examples of constructed BMPs would be stormwater basins you see in neighborhoods, shopping centers, and industrial sites. Detention ponds fill up quickly after a rainstorm and allow solids like sediment and litter to settle at the pond bottom. Then, they slowly release water which is now less polluted into our streams, ponds, and rivers. These ponds are one example of a constructed BMP. Stream buffers, storm drain grates, filter strips, sediment fences, underground detention systems, and permeable paving are other examples. Here are some pictures of recent constructed BMPs:
These are before and after pictures of an erosion control BMP recently constructed at Guilford Road.
These are before and after pictures of a recently constructed stream restoration BMP.
Answer 21. For commercial property owners, the IRS, depending on your specific tax situation may consider the charge a cost of doing business. Residential property owners will likely not be able to deduct the storm water fee on their taxes.
Answer 22. Please call 803.909.7250and provide your name, address, phone number and a brief description of the drainage problem so that the County can further investigate the problem, or refer your question to the most appropriate County staff member.
The South Carolina Department of Education (SCDOE) administers the program at the state level and acts as a bridge between York County and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). York County serves as a sponsor and coordinates with schools, local government agencies, camps, faith-based and other non-profit community organizations to host meal service sites. Meal service sites are places in the community where children receive meals in a safe and supervised environment. Sites may be located in a variety of settings, including schools, parks, community centers, churches, and migrant centers.
Visit the SC Office of Health and Nutrition website. Additional resources for food assistance are the National Hunger Hotline at 1-866-3-HUNGRY or 1-877-8-HAMBRE.
Yes, the County does have a local accommodations tax ordinance. All hotels located in the unincorporated areas of York County are to collect 3% for the local accommodations tax and those collections should be submitted to the County by the 20th of the following month. The State also requires collection of accommodations tax. That amount is 2% and is submitted directly to the Department of Revenue by using the state tax form ST 388. The York County Accommodations Tax Advisory Committee meets annually in April and May to review applications and submit their recommendation to County Council. To apply for Accommodations Tax funding, please call the office at 803-684-8528.
You may also download a mail-in application online at the South Carolina Election Commission's website.
As with most liquids, water molecules are normally attracted to each other. This attraction creates tension at the surface of the water, often referred to as a thin "skin," which allows some insects to glide across it. When leaves, twigs or other organic substances fall into water and begin decaying, they release compounds known as surfactants. This interaction breaks the surface tension, which in turn allows air to more easily mix with water and creates bubbles. These bubbles congregate as natural foam. However, not all foam is natural. Certain man-made products, including detergents, can cause foam that is similar in appearance, but may be harmful to fish and other aquatic life.
Great question. Foam can form on our water bodies a number of different ways:
Foam is usually harmless. In fact, only 1 percent of the foam you see on a waterbody is the actual foaming agent; the rest is air and water. However, excess foam is sometimes the result of too much phosphorus in the water. Although phosphorus is an important plant nutrient, it is not found abundantly in nature and too much of it is indicative of pollution from human activities. Excessive phosphorous can result in nuisance algae blooms, fish kills due to low dissolved oxygen from decomposition processes, and irregularities with the water's taste and odor.
Although it's difficult to know for sure, foam from various sources can have different characteristics.
Natural foam usually:
Unnatural foam from human activity usually:
usually occurs over small area, localized near a source of discharge.
If you suspect foam to be from unnatural causes, call York County’s Environmental Compliance Department. The telephone number is 803.909.7250. The sooner you call: the better. If an illegal discharge is the cause, we need to know as much information as possible so we can get to it fast to minimize the danger to people and the environment.
Scum, an oily film, or yellow-green dust on the surface of a lake makes it look contaminated but, in general, nothing is wrong. In fact, something natural is probably occurring. An oily film in midsummer is most likely caused by insect cases that become concentrated along the shore by wind after a hatch. Insects can hatch any time from early spring into September. As the cases decompose, they sometimes give off an oily film. Yellow-green dust floating on the surface in late spring and early summer is pollen from nearby pine trees. In contrast, an algal bloom is green to blue-green, might look soupy, and can form thick, slimy looking surface scum.
First of all, it’s never just one reason. Many factors, including human activity in the watershed, interact to affect the water quality of a lake. Just as fertilizing a lawn promotes growth, nutrients seeping into a lake increase aquatic plant growth rates. Agriculture and communities in the watershed may inadvertently add nutrients to the lake through stormwater runoff and over spraying. Normally lawn and agricultural fertilizers are not innately harmful. However, excess fertilizer can cause algae to "bloom" which, in turn, decreases light for other plants and animals. Water quality may worsen at the peak of the growing season when sunlight and nutrients are plentiful. Other sources which cause water quality degradation come from erosion and sediment washing in from disturbed shorelines or construction sites. The transported sediment contributes additional nutrients to the water. All that washed in sediment is what causes muddy water. Development on a lake shore usually means changes in the shoreline plant community (i.e., cultivated grass replaces bulrush). Nutrients and sediments wash into the water more readily without the natural filtering system.